Why is it Difficult to Automate Salesforce Testing with Selenium

September 30, 2021
Sohaib Zaidi

Table of contents

Salesforce receives hundreds of innovative features at least thrice a year with seasonal releases in the spring, summer, and winter. Since these updates have the potential to break existing business flows, enterprises need to continuously test Salesforce's updates prior to pushing them to production.

Selenium, as an open source software, is an obvious choice of QA teams to test automate Salesforce. However, automating Salesforce with Selenium is challenging due to Salesforce's complexities such as highly-customized architecture, large numbers of integrations, and in-sprint updates.

In this blog, we’ll discuss Salesforce test automation challenges with respect to Selenium, and how to overcome these challenges.

| Read the case study: Global manufacturing firm automates Salesforce testing & reduces testing time from 1 week to 2 days with each sprint.

Challenges to automating Salesforce testing

Dynamic Content: Salesforce is a complex application that features dynamic content. This dynamic content doesn’t have fixed IDs, names, classes or CSS attributes. Even slight changes in Salesforce's UI can cause tests to break.  Open source tools like Selenium cannot be used since they identify elements using fixed IDs.

Dynamic Tables: Salesforce comes with database-driven tables in which rows are created dynamically. Selecting the active tab proves extremely challenging when using Selenium, and performing actions such as ticking a checkbox with Selenium can be quite complicated.

Navigation through frames & iframes: Salesforce has dynamic frames and iframes that can load content independently in current HTML documents. Since Selenium doesn’t have direct access to this content, handling these frames is nearly impossible. Finding the right attributes and scripts, then, require a lot of time, effort, and technical resources.

Shadow DOM: Complexities like Shadow DOM and pop-up windows are not easy to test with Selenium since it doesn’t support such elements directly, and requires a significant amount of custom coding. Selenium scripting for these windows requires lot of time, and is not compatible with continuous testing.

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Opkey's zero-code test automation platform

Opkey, a zero code Salesforce test automation platform, enables non-technical employees to create and automate test cases in just hours.

Opkey’s real-time impact analysis enables team to quickly identify changes to their Salesforce environment before updates are pushed through, and enables them quickly fix at-risk functionalities and impacted tests. Opkey’s self-healing scripts save testers hours of time performing test maintenance tasks, and provide business continuity assurance.

As a continuous test automation platform, Opkey enables you to test your Salesforce environment continually, which results in lower application downtime risk. Opkey significantly increases test creation speed through our library of pre-built Salesforce test cases, and our automated reporting capabilities make compliance tasks a breeze.

In short, agile teams can create reliable automation tests significantly faster, and maintain them painlessly, with Opkey's:

  • Predefined templates for configuration tests
  • End-to-End test technology: all of your Salesforce integrations can be tested through our platform
  • Prebuilt, automated test libraries for Sales Cloud, CPQ, Marketing Cloud, and Commerce Cloud
  • Integrated Change Analysis and Risk Assessment to ensure seamless admin & tester experience
Salesforce Testing with Selenium
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