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A Comprehensive Guide on Automated Testing

A Comprehensive Guide on Automated Testing

February 7, 2023
Sohaib Zaidi

While the majority of enterprises are now adopting Agile and DevOps methods of software development to more quickly release high quality software, their manual testing practices are failing to keep up. Simply put, manual testing approaches are too slow, expensive, and error-prone to keep pace today’s modern enterprise due to the excessive amount of involvement needed from humans.

According to a survey by Gitlab, manual testing is the biggest bottleneck to software development. More specifically, the survey found that manual testing hinders development through clunky communication, slow test creation & execution time, and inadequate risk coverage. To combat these issues, organizations are embracing test automation, which is one of the fastest growing sectors in the technology industry.

Read More: Automation Testing vs. Manual Testing

What Is Automated Testing

Automated testing, as the name implies, refers to utilizing automated testing tools, platforms, and machines to create and execute tests, rather than humans. It means that a test automation tool will handle many of the time-consuming tasks that were previously carried out manually. Automated testing is especially useful for continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/ CD) where software is developed, tested, and deployed multiple times per day, rather than in stages. Saying otherwise, it facilitates continuous testing to support agile development.

What Are the Core Benefits of Automated Testing

At a high level, automated software testing is faster, less expensive, and provides better risk coverage than manual testing. Let’s dive into some benefits in more detail:

Automated testing saves time

Automated tests can be run more rapidly than manual tests because minimal human involvement is required, and tests can be run in parallel. Additionally, because humans are less involved with test creation & execution, there is less human error, meaning you need to spend less time fixing broken tests.

Automated software testing saves money

Once an automated test is created, it can be run over and over again with minimal human intervention—meaning less labour is needed. Additionally, because automated tests can be run more frequently than manual tests, bugs are found earlier in the development cycle. These early bugs are far less expensive to fix than bugs found later in the development cycle.

Test automation reduces risk

Because automated tests are run more rapidly, bugs and security vulnerabilities are found earlier, ensuring organizations remain compliant. Additionally, with automation testing, no trade off needs to be made between quality and speed: you can test all your critical business processes in a short amount of time.

Learn more: Top 10 Benefits of Automation Testing

The following types of tests are often automated:

Smoke Tests

Also known as Build Verification Testing (BVT), this type of testing is required in the initial stages of application testing. Whenever a new functionality is added to the existing build, smoke testing should be performed. Smoke testing acts as a checkpoint that indicates whether to move on to the next level of testing.

Integration Tests

Integration testing is used to validate whether a proper communication is happening between different applications, modules, or technologies. As the tech stacks of organizations grow larger and larger, and become more interconnected, integration testing is vital to making sure that complex business processes–that span across multiple technologies–are working as intended.

Regression Tests

Regression testing ensures that bug fixes, configuration changes, or application updates haven’t impacted the existing functionality of the system. With the popularity of Agile and DevOps, dev teams are rolling out new features and functionalities on a more frequent basis, meaning that regression testing, too, should be performed more frequently.

Security Tests

To avoid bad actors gaining access to sensitive data, security testing is required. Security testing highlights shortcomings & fragilities in the system, and helps prevent threats, malware, and other risks.

User Acceptance Tests

User Acceptance Testing is the final phase in the software development lifecycle, and UAT’s main objective is to validate that the software is working as intended, from the end user’s perspective.

Read more: Why There’s a Need for Automated Web Testing‍

What to Consider When Choosing a Test Automation Tool

No-Code platform

It’s important that the automation testing tool you choose doesn’t require coding knowledge, because non-technical users are often heavily involved in testing. Code-based test automation frameworks like Selenium require months of training to use effectively, whereas intelligent No-Code test automation tools like Opkey can be learned in just a few hours.

Support for multiple platforms/ browsers

Because cross-application and integration testing are vital parts of a robust testing program, you should choose a test automation framework that supports multiple applications and makes it easy to create end-to-end tests. Furthermore, the automation testing tools should also support tests on multiple browsers.

Availability of support

The software test automation tool you choose should offer exceptional customer support. Your applications depend on testing, and if your testing tool isn’t working properly, you need assurance that it’ll get fixed quickly.

Easy test script maintenance

Choose an automated testing tool with built-in AI that makes it easy to maintain test scripts.

Read more: Test Automation Tools: Which One Is Right for You

How Opkey's Test Automation Platform Can Help

Opkey is globally recognized as one of the leading test automation frameworks. It is a no-code automated testing platform that seamlessly aligned with your CI/ CD pipeline to facilitate continuous testing. Unlike other automation tools that need time to set up, you can implement test automation from day 1 and reduce manual effort.

No-Code Automated Testing

Opkey supports no code automation testing. It means that business users as well as financial consultants can easily operate Opkey without requiring any programming knowledge. Opkey's ERP specific record-play engine allows users to effortlessly create test cases. Opkey also offers 1 click automation for your existing manual test scripts.

Supports Different Types of Testing

Whether you want regression tests to automate or want to automate API testing, unit tests, and integration tests, Opkey can help you. Here's the snapshot attached highlighting how Opkey supports automated regression testing.

Test Recommendation

Deciding what to test is still a daunting question. Opkey's built-in AI automatically highlights the impacted test cases and recommends what you should test during regression testing. This contributes significantly towards test coverage.

Test Scripts Maintenance

Test script maintenance is a very challenging task especially when you're receiving updates frequently - like in case of Oracle where you receive updates quarterly. Opkey's built-in AI automatically identifies the broken test scripts and heals them without requiring human intervention. With the help of Opkey, organizations have brought down their test scripts maintenance effort up to 70%.

Learn more: How Opkey Reduces Salesforce Testing Timelines & Maintenance Efforts

Test Data Management

Test data is critical for robust software testing. Opkey's automated testing tool leverages test mining technology to autonomously mine test data from the client’s environment and ensure it’s in the correct format. Opkey also mines master data details such as Chart of Account, Employee, Customers, Item, Supplier, Procure to Pay, Order to Cash, and more, which can reduce development and testing teams’ data collection efforts by up to 40%.

End To End Coverage

Opkey supports 12+ ERPs and 150+ technologies to deliver end-to-end risk coverage. Opkey's automated testing platform comes packed with 30,000+ automated tests so you don't have to start from scratch.

Want to learn more about Opkey? Start your 14-day free trial.

Summing Up

Automated testing is faster, cheaper, and provides more risk-reduction than manual testing. While there are a number of factors to consider when choosing an automation platform, you should strongly consider the stakeholders involved–mainly end users–and be sure the platform you choose is No-Code, and supports multiple applications and technologies.


Continuous testing is a software testing technique that involves testing early, often, and comprehensively with the help of automated testing tools. By implementing an automated testing process, you create a fast feedback loop that ensures continuous development, delivery, testing and deployment. Automated testing eliminates unnecessary delays and opacity.

It is a software testing technique where test cases are not created in advance but testers check system on the fly. Yes, exploratory testing can be automated to a certain extent. However, some tests may require human judgment, intuition, or creativity, so it is good if it is performed manually for the purpose of discovery, investigation, and learning. Automation can help in automating repetitive or time-consuming tasks.

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